Geography of Hawk Mountain

Click on the panorama for a larger view of Hawk Mountain's North Lookout.

Hawk Mountain Panorama North Lookout

Some other prominent features of Hawk Mountain's geography include:

Aspen Cut. 

A quarry of Martinsburg Shale 1.5 miles southeast of the North Lookout. Shale from Aspen Cut was used during the construction of the new Hawk Mountain Road in the 1950s. A campground is maintained here for sustaining members.  


A promontory at the western end of Shochary Ridge, eight miles southeast of the North Lookout in the Kempton Valley, midway between the Kittatinny Ridge and the Pinnacle.

Hemlock Heights.

A 1,519-foot Sanctuary ridgetop dominated by Eastern Hemlocks, 1.3 miles south of the North Lookout and west of Owl's Head.

Hunter’s Fields.

Several large, conspicuous fields in the valley floor, northeast of the North Lookout.

Kittatinny Ridge. 

The endless mountain of the Lenape Indians. The ridge is a major “leading line” for southbound migrating raptors each autumn.

Little Schuylkill River. 

A small river almost 1,000 feet down-slope, north of North Lookout.

New Ringgold. 

A small town in Schuylkill County, 3.2 miles northeast of North Lookout.

North Lookout.

The official, 1,521-foot, count site at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary; one mile from the Visitor Center.

Numbers 1 through 5.

High points or knobs on the ridge read from right to left while looking east, 1.3 to 4.2 miles east of  North Lookout. 

Owl’s Head.

A 1,460-foot Sanctuary promontory, 1.8 miles southeast of North Lookout, and east of Hemlock Heights.


A 1,615-foot, thrust-fault promontory of the Kittatinny Ridge, 4.5 miles southeast of North Lookout. The Pinnacle offers one of the best views on the Appalachian Trail.

River of Rocks.

A 2/3-mile-long boulder field at the head of the Kempton Valley southeast of North Lookout. More than 30-feet deep in some places, it was formed 10,000 to 15,000 years ago when boulders slid from the ridgetops to the valley floor during the most recent Ice Age. Lowest elevation is 625 feet.

South Lookout.

A wheelchair accessible, 1,383-foot Sanctuary hawkwatch promontory, one quarter mile from the Sanctuary’s Visitor Center. South Lookout was established in 1967.

stony run